Scientific Name: Sardinella longiceps

KSA & Company offers Indian oil sardine, scientifically known as Sardinella longiceps, which is a small pelagic fish that breeds once a year. These sardines are known to arrive off the western coasts of India in June-July, during the southwest monsoon months when temperatures and salinity are low. While the exact spawning grounds are not located, it is believed that the most intense spawning season is in August-September.

Apart from their delicious taste, Indian oil sardines are also considered to be healthy and are often referred to as a "brain food." These fish are rich in omega-3 fatty acids, which are essential for maintaining a healthy heart. Recent studies suggest that omega-3 fatty acids also slow the progression of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease and help control blood sugar levels. Additionally, Indian oil sardines are a good source of vitamin D and calcium.

The iridescent, silvery body of Indian oil sardines is distinct, and it has a single dorsal fin located over the middle of the body. Its gill cover features linear bony ridges that distinguish it from other members of the herring family. Typically, these sardines grow up to 35.5 cm (14 inches) long and weigh between 100 grams (4 ounces) and 500 grams (1 lb). However, the harvested sardines in British Columbia, in 2001, weighed an average of 150 grams (1/3 lb) and measured an average standard length of 23 cm (9 inches). Indian oil sardine flesh is pink in color and has a fine, soft texture with a stronger and heavier flavor than whitefish species, thanks to its high fat content.